A Sample Bye-Law draft:
<ASSOCIATION NAME> (Regd.)
MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION BYE-LAWS
<City><Pin code> “<Association Name> ”
Memorandum of Association
PREAMBLE: In its efforts to promote and sustain an outstanding community, the <APT NAME>
APARTMENT OWNERS’ ASSOCIATION shall be guided by a set of shared values,
to which all its members stand committed. These values, expressed as the guiding principles
of the community, shall be the touchstone for the byelaws, rules and operating guidelines of
The guiding principles relate to:
- Harmonious living culture
The emphasis here is on consideration for others, with residents relating to each other in the
spirit of mutual support and fellowship. The basis for all key decisions is the greater common
- Good citizenship
Residents respect the rights of others. They also willingly and voluntarily conform to the
byelaws, rules and operating guidelines of the Association
- Outstanding physical environment
High standards are maintained for all common areas, infrastructure and services. Also,
standards and guidelines are applied consistently and uniformly, where relevant to personal
property. Residents are guided in their actions by the need to conserve and protect the
environment. In the same spirit, the Association also actively promotes and advocates the use
of eco-friendly methods for the long-term benefit of the community.
NAME: The name of the association shall be “<APT NAME> APARTMENT
OWNERS’ ASSOCIATION”, which shall be registered under the Karnataka Societies
Registration Act of 1960 and rules framed there under.
The Registered Office of the Association shall be at <apt name> , situated at
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSOCIATION:
The main objectives of the association shall be:
a) To act as an Association of Apartment Owners of the Building known as <apt name> , who have filed their Declarations submitting their respective Apartments to the
provisions of the Act, in such a manner as to protect the legitimate rights, privileges and
interest of all its Members, with prejudice, or favour to none;
b) To provide for, and do all or any of the matters as laid down in these Bye-laws;
c) To represent the Association before Government and other authorities for any common
purpose, which may impact the members monetarily or otherwise and take all such steps
as may be necessary in this regard.
d) To represent the Association before Government and other authorities for any common
purpose, which may impact the members monetarily or otherwise and take all such steps
as may be necessary in this regard.
e) To represent the Association in all matters pertaining to the common property of
“<APT NAME> APARTMENT OWNERS’ ASSOCIATION” and to negotiate, carry
on litigation, settle or compromise with third parties any matter affecting the common
rights and properties.
f) To establish and carry on jointly with individuals or institutions, or its own volition,
educational, physical, social, recreational, or other activities, for the benefit of the
Apartment Owners AND for regulation, maintenance, up keep and welfare of all the
g) To provide for the security, maintenance, repair, replacement, or improvements of the
BUILDING, and the COMMON AREAS AND FACILITIES by proportionate
contribution from the Owners, and, if necessary, by raising loans for that purpose;
h) To carry out urgently needed repairs inside any of the units, which would otherwise affect
the building in common, if the apartment owner or the occupant of the unit fails to carry
out the same within the time prescribed by the respective apartment owner.
i) To establish, maintain and reinforce contacts to render help/assistance to all members
regarding the maintenance of the premises.
j) To invest, to acquire legal activity or deposit monies to the advantage of the Owners,
notwithstanding, the profits and income derived from the above objects shall be utilized
for the development and improvement of the association and shall not be distributed
among the members.
k) To frame rules and administrative procedure with the approval of the general body of the
association. In exceptional / day-to-day cases, the MC is authorized to frame / change
rules from time to time.
l) To promote close co-operation between members and to render all possible advice and
guidance to members in any matter relating to ownership and enjoyment of living in
Apartments and to provide such amenities and facilities to members as the MC may deem
m) To carry out the above objectives and activities to facilitate their efficient and effective
functioning, to liaison, collaborate and share experience with individual and / or other
bodies and organizations with similar objectives in the city of Bangalore, organize
meetings or participate in them, make representations or carry out other activities of the
n) To do all other lawful acts for attainment of the aforesaid objectives;
o) To engage the services of any professionals like contractors, architects, structural
engineers, Chartered accountants, advocates to take up any necessary civil or structural
work or to take the services of any professionals initiating any action or defending the
p) To frame rules, with the approval of the general body of the Association, to administer the
building and common facilities.
q) To do such other things as may be considered as to be incidental or conducive to the
attainment of the aforesaid objectives;
The Secretary of the Association is authorized to correspond and deal with the Registrar,
Bangalore District, Bangalore;
The Association shall not act beyond the scope of its “Objects” without duly amending
the provisions of the Bye-laws for the purpose.
The income of the Association shall be utilized for the objects of the Association and
shall not be distributed among its members.
Signed by the Management Committee Members
“<APT NAME> APARTMENT OWNERS ASSOCIATION”
BYELAWS OF <APT NAME>
SHORT TITLE AND APPLICATIONS
a) The name of the Association shall be “<APT NAME> APARTMENT OWNERS’
b) The Registered office of the Association shall be situated at < office Address> <apt name>,
situated at <Address>
c) The provisions of these Byelaws apply to the <APT NAME> APARTMENT
OWNERS’ ASSOCIATION. All present or future owners, tenants, or their employees,
or any other person who is lawfully entitled to use the facilities of the said Building, in
any manner whatsoever, shall be subject to the regulations set forth in these Bye-laws.
The mere act of acquisition or rental or taking on license any property or mere occupancy
of any of the Apartments in the <APT NAME> will signify that these byelaws have
been read and understood, are accepted, stand ratified and will be complied with at all
In these Bye-Laws, unless the context requires otherwise:
a) ‘ACT’ means the Karnataka Societies Registration Act, 1960 and Rules, 1961 and also
the Karnataka Apartment Ownership Act, 1972 and Rules, 1975, both as amended from
time to time.
b) ‘ASSOCIATION’ means the <APT NAME> APARTMENT OWNERS’
ASSOCIATION constituted by such owners for the purpose of carrying out objectives of
the association as provided by the rule 3 of the Byelaws.
c) ‘COMMITTEE’ means the Management Committee of the Association consisting of the
President and persons all of whom shall be Apartment Owners (members/deemed
members) who are all residents of the Apartments in <apt name>; from among whom, a
Vice-President, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and a Joint Secretary will be elected by the
Members of the Management Committee(MC).
d) ‘BUILDING’ means the apartments in any of the towers and blocks in “<apt name> I &
II “, situated at <address> and known as <APT NAME>
Condominium and includes the land forming part thereof.
e) ‘OWNER’ or ‘APARTMENT OWNER/OWNERS’ means the person owning an
Apartment in the <APT NAME> Condominium with or without car parking space.
f) ‘RESIDENT’ means any person staying in <APT NAME>
g) “MEMBER” means an Owner, as aforesaid. Such an Owner shall have full voting rights,
provided that such rights are exercised by only one person in respect of an Apartment
jointly owned by more than one person. In the latter event, the voting right shall be
exercised by the persons whose name stands first in the Declaration, unless otherwise
authorized by the other Owner/Owners of the said Apartments.
h) “ASSOCIATE MEMBER” means any person who is not an Owner, but is wholly
residing, occupying, or otherwise in lawful possession of any Apartments in the Building,
and who has been co-opted into the MC as hereinafter mentioned. Such an Associate
Member shall have no voting rights whatsoever.
i) “DEFAULTING MEMBER” means any Owner who has not paid the dues to the
Association for three months or over. Such defaulting Members shall not be entitled to
any of the rights and privileges enjoyed by the other Members, or to the services, and
facilities offered by the Association, and shall forfeit all voting rights, whatsoever till all
dues are cleared.
j) ‘DEEMED MEMBER’ means a deemed member of the Association; the spouse, parent or
any one of the children above 18 years of age who is authorized by such Owner and who
is also a Resident may be treated as a deemed member of the Association in place of such
Owner. If the Apartment is Company owned for residential purposes, the Company may
nominate a deemed member.
k) “REGISTRAR” means the Registrar of Societies, appointed under the Act, Bangalore
Urban District, Bangalore.
l) “APARTMENT” which may also be termed a “FLAT” or “UNIT”, (hereinafter referred
to as “APARTMENT”), means part of the Building , intended for use as a family unit for
residential purposes, including one, or more rooms, and/or enclosed space with direct exit
to a Common Area, leading to a public road. The Apartment shall not be used for any
purpose other than residential, except with specific, written permission of the Managing
Committee, and under such terms and conditions as may be laid by it.
m) COMMON AREAS AND FACILITIES: Common Areas and Facilities, unless otherwise
provided in the Declaration, or lawful amendment thereto, means:
i) The land on which the Building is located, but excluding the Building itself;
ii) The foundations, columns, girders, beams, supports, main walls, parapets, roofs, halls,
corridors, lobbies, stairs, stairways, fire-escapes, entrances and exits of the Building;
iii) Yards, gardens other than those allotted for private use, parking areas other than those
sold, and storage spaces;
iv) The premises used as offices, store-rooms, rest rooms, or rooms for the lodging of
janitors, or persons employed for the management of the property;
v) Installation for the central services, such as power, light, gas, hot and cold water,
heating, refrigeration, air-conditioning and incinerating, etc;
vi) The elevators, tanks, pumps, motors, fans, compressors, ducts, filtration apparatus,
communication facilities such as cable for television and Internet access, security
equipment and installations existing for common use;
vii) Such community and commercial facilities as may be provided for in the Declaration;
viii) All other parts of the property necessary, or convenient to its existence, maintenance
and safety, or normally in common use;
ix) Club House including all its fittings, fixtures, equipment, both movable and fixed
n) RESTRCTED COMMON AREAS AND FACILITIES:
Limited Common Areas are those portions which are part and parcel of the Common Areas
and Facilities, but are reserved for the use of certain apartment, to the exclusion of other
apartment, and designated as such in the Declaration.
This right shall be exercised only by persons who are wholly resident in the Building. Other
than the privilege of exclusive use, no right or title whatsoever to these Limited Common
Areas shall accrue to the Owners of the Apartments to which they are attached, save and
except as is vested in the other Owners by virtue of their owning an Apartment in the
No structure of any kind whatsoever temporary or permanent shall be erected or
fence/partition put up on any Limited Common Area that may obstruct, or impede free
movement in the event of an emergency of any kind. In addition, on the Limited Common
Areas adjoining the ground floor apartments, no trees shall be planted, which may cause
7 similar hindrance. Structure/fences/trees which do not impede free movement, may,
however, be put up/planted, but with the specific, prior, written permission of the MC, and
under such conditions as it may specify.
3. MEMBERSHIP OF THE ASSOCIATION:
a) Any person, or persons, HUF, Firm, Association of Persons and /or Company who/which
has purchased an Apartment in the Building from M/s <> Developers Pvt. Ltd. (here
after referred to as the “Developer”), shall automatically become the Member of the
Association and the “Deposit” paid by him/her per apartment to the Developer towards
the proper upkeep of the building shall be transferred to his/her account with the
Association, or to the common account of the Association. Any dues to the Association
not paid for three months or more, at the discretion of MC, will be deducted from the said
deposit. A Member should be 18 years or above. The membership shall not exceed the
total number of individual apartments.
b) Upon any Owner selling his/her/their Apartment, or absolutely conveying the same by
way of gift, or otherwise, the Purchaser, or Donee shall, become a Member of the
Association with same right and privileges as the previous Owner provided the seller has
paid the Transfer Fee of Rs. X per sft of apartment area and, all other dues and obtained
a ‘No Dues Certificate” from the Association. The “Deposit” lying in the account of seller
shall be transferred to the new member. Any short fall in the “Deposit”, as decided by the
Association and its office bearers has to be made up by the new Member.
c) On the death of an Owner, his/her/their Apartment shall be transferred to the person, or
persons, to whom bequeathed, or to the legal successor in case no bequeathment has been
made. The Legatee, or the Successor shall, on satisfactory completion of legal formalities,
if any, automatically becomes a Member of the Association, with the same rights and
privileges as the previous Owner. No Transfer Fee need be paid, and the “Deposits” paid
by the deceased Member shall stand transferred to the Successor under the same terms
and conditions as aforesaid.
d) Each Apartment Owner may purchase a copy of the Byelaws on payment of Rs. X
(Rupees X only.)
e) All owners will have to pay to the <APT NAME> APARTMENT OWNERS’
ASSOCIATION a sum as decided by the committee before the specified last date. All
Revenue accumulated shall be deposited as a Fixed Deposit in a Public/Private Sector
Bank or used to acquire legal activity to achieve effectively, the objectives and welfare of
the <APT NAME> APARTMENT, as decided by the committee as a dedicated fund
termed sinking fund. The amount so collected shall be utilized for reconstruction of
common buildings or for carrying out structural additions or alterations to the buildings or
for carrying out heavy repairs/replacements, provided that such reconstruction /repairs do
not fall within the ambit of any agreement with an external agency for maintenance of
<APT NAME> Condominium.
4. CESSATION OF MEMBERSHIP:
a) On the Death of an Owner. If before demise, title to the Apartment had legally been
bequeathed/transferred, the Legatee(s) shall automatically continue as Member(s). In the
case of Joint Owners, the surviving Owner shall continue as Member;
b) On an Owner selling, gifting, exchanging or otherwise disposing off the Apartment;
c) On a Trust, or Registered Company, winding up its affairs.
5. JOINT APARTMENT OWNERS:
Where two or more persons have purchased an Apartment jointly, they shall be jointly
entitled to the Apartment and the person whose name stands first shall alone have the right
to vote. However, the first Joint Owner, by a letter of authority deposited in the office of the
Association, may authorize the other Joint Owner to vote on his/her behalf.
6. ELIGIBILITY FOR VOTING IN CASE OF JOINT APARTMENT OWNERS:
Only one of the Joint Apartment Owners shall be entitled to vote or be eligible to be elected
and not all the Joint Owners.
No Apartment Owner or deemed member shall be entitled to vote on the question of the
election of Members of the Management Committee or the President, Vice-President,
Secretary, Treasurer, Joint Treasurer, Joint Secretary or any other office bearer or be
entitled to stand for election to such office if he/she is in arrears in respect of his/her
contribution for common expenses to the Association for more than 30 days on the day of
election. The names of Owners and the amounts in arrears for more than 30 days shall be
displayed on the Notice Board of the Association till such time, as the arrears remain
One or more persons: the voting rights shall be exercised by the person whose name
stands first in the Declaration, unless otherwise authorized by the other joint Owners of
the said Apartment.
a) A Trust: by any of the Trustees, duly authorized by the other Trustees;
b) A Registered Company: by a Director, or any officer duly authorized by the Company.
c) Voting will be by secret ballot, or show of hands, as decided by the Members voting
either in person, or by proxy, as specified in Bye-law herein below.
For an Annual General Body Meeting or a Special General Body Meeting, 30% of the
members or their duly authorized person can constitute a Quorum. In the absence of a
majority, the Meeting shall be adjourned and shall be held at the same venue after one hour
on the same day, without further adjournment and with available members present.
Communication about the new time of the meeting will be put on notice board.
10. VOTE TO BE CAST IN PERSON OR THROUGH PROXY:
In any Meeting of the Association, vote shall be cast in person or through a duly authorized
proxy. The authority to a proxy must be in writing. The proxy must be deposited with the
Secretary/President of the Association not less than 48 hours before the time for holding the
Meeting. The proxy need not be a Member, but no person may be a proxy for more than
four members. The role of proxy is only restricted to the extent of casting of votes as
authorized by the members. The proxy cannot participate in the deliberations of the Annual
11. POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE ASSOCIATION:
a) The Association shall be a non-profit organization.
b) The Association will have the responsibility of administering the <ASSOCIATION NAME>, approving the Annual budget, collecting periodical and ad-
hoc payments and arranging for management of the Condominium in an efficient manner.
Except otherwise provided, a Resolution of the Association shall require approval by a
majority of owners either present in the meeting and casting votes in person or casting
votes through the authorized proxy.
c) The Association may frame rules to amplify these byelaws and these rules, which shall be
applicable to all members /residents after they are passed in the annual general meeting or
a special general meeting (“AGM/SGM”). In the event of any doubts or contradictions,
the byelaws shall prevail over the rules.
d) The Association shall generally look after and be responsible for safeguarding, promoting
and protecting rights and well being of members, and enforcing their respective obligation
to each other.
e) The Association shall represent the collective interest of the Community in <APT NAME>
with various external agencies.
f) The Association shall commence/defend any legal proceedings only in so far as it is
related or connected with and affects the Members and the affairs of the <APT NAME>
& its Residents.
g) The Association shall promote and strive for a peaceful co-existence among all members
of the association.
h) The Association shall regulate the manner and prescribe restrictions and conditions for
and under which any member shall transfer or part with the possession of his ownership
of a property in <APT NAME> so as to ensure compliance with these bye-laws and
rules by the transferees.
i) The Association shall have unhindered access to all its facilities located and designated as
Association Office for operation & its maintenance.
j) The association will not be responsible for any loss caused to members they might have
suffered by act of God like: earthquake, flood, fire, riot or willful act of any member
k) In emergent situations the President and or Secretary can take decisions which may be
even out side the purview of bye laws but will seek ratification for such decisions from
the Committee at a later date.
12. PLACEMENT OF ANNUAL GENERAL BODY MEETING, SPECIAL GENERAL
BODY MEETING AND ELECTION OF CHAIRPERSON.
First meeting of the Association shall be held at the premises of <APT NAME>
Apartments. Chairperson to conduct the proceedings/meeting shall be elected from among
Members/deemed Members present, prior to the commencement of such Meetings.
President of the Association shall be the Chairperson for all subsequent meetings. In his
absence, Vice-President will chair these meetings.
13. ANNUAL MEETING
The first Annual General Body meeting of the association shall be held within one month of
the date of registration of the Association. Thereafter, the Annual Meeting of the
Association shall be held during any day of the month of July or August, in each succeeding
year. The Meeting may also transact such other business of the Association as may be
properly brought up before it.
The principal Officers of the Association shall be elected preferably by ballot among
Apartment Owners/deemed members in accordance with the requirement of the Byelaws.
14. SPECIAL MEETING:
It shall be the duty of the Secretary to call a Special General Body meeting of the
Apartment Owners as directed by a resolution of the Management Committee or within 10
days upon petition signed by at least 21 members of the Association having been presented
to the Secretary. The notice of the Special Meeting shall state the date, time and place of
such Meeting and the purpose thereof. No other business shall be transacted at a Special
meeting except as stated in the notice.
15. NOTICE OF MEETING
It shall be the duty of the Secretary to circulate an e-mail, or a notice of each Annual or
Special Meeting, stating the purpose thereof and the Agenda for the meeting as well as the
date, time and place where it is to be held, to each Apartment Owner, at least 21 days prior
to the date of such Meeting. The circulation of this notice in the manner provided in this
Byelaw shall be considered as notice served. The notice shall also be displayed on the
Notice board of the association. No notice shall be required to be sent in respect of any
16. ADJOURNED MEETING:
If the meeting of the owners cannot be organized because of lack of quorum, the members
who are present may adjourn the meeting to the same day, 1 hour later. And, the meeting
will take place with the available members. .
17. ORDER OF BUSINESS
The order of business at the Annual general body meetings of the Association shall be
stipulated by an Agenda that shall include, among other things, the following:
a) Roll call and election of chairman to conduct the meeting.
b) And reading of the agenda of the Meeting.
c) Consider and approve the Minutes of the preceding Annual General Meeting and Special
Meeting/s, if any and to note the actions taken thereon.
d) Consider and approve the Management Committee’s Annual Report for the preceding
e) Report of sub-committees and their adoption, with changes, if any.
Adoption of the audited accounts for the preceding year along with the Auditor’s Report
and the treasurer’s report, after discussion thereon.
f) Election of the office Bearers and members of the management Committee.
g) Adoption of the Budget for the following year.
h) Amendments, if any, to Rules and Byelaws of the Association.
i) Appoint auditors and fix their remuneration. Auditors so appointed shall hold office till
the next Annual General Meeting.
j) Any other business with the permission of the chair.
k) Consider, scrutinize, approve and accept the Income and Expenditure Account and
Balance sheet of the Association for the preceding year and approve and sanction the
annual budget for the next year;
l) Consider, approve, and initiate such action as may be necessary on the reports of the
secretary and Auditors;
m) Consider, approve and initiate such action as may be necessary on reports, if any
submitted by the committees;
n) Consider, and initiate such action as may be necessary on the report of the Registrar, or of
the Officer duly authorized by him;
o) Consider, and deal with appeals against the action of the MC, if any, or any Member
18. MANAGEMENT OF ASSOCIATION:
A Management Committee of the Members of the Association shall govern the affairs of
the Association. The working hours for the office of the Association – which will be
manned by the appointed Estate Manager, shall be from 09.00 hours to 17.00 hours on all
11 days except ( weekday), ((weekday) will be the weekly holiday) and other statutory holidays as
may be fixed by the Management Committee from time to time.
19. POWERS AND DUTIES OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
The Management Committee shall have all the powers, and duties necessary for the
administration of the affairs of the Association, and may do all such acts, and things as are,
by law, or by these Bye-laws directed to be exercised and done by the Owners. The MC
shall also have the powers to co-opt two persons from among the Owners, or from persons
who are not Owners, but are wholly residing, occupying, or otherwise in lawful possession
of any Apartment in the Building, to assist the MC in its day-to-day activities. In the latter
case, the persons so co-opted shall become “ASSOCIATE MEMBERS”, which title they
shall hold till such time they serve on the MC as co-opted Members. Such Associate
Members shall, however, have no voting rights whatsoever. The MC shall also have the
powers to appoint Sub-Committees from among its Members, and Associate Members, or
from persons who are not, Owners, but are wholly resident in any apartment In the Building,
and assign such duties to them as they deem appropriate for the better upkeep of the
20. OTHER DUTIES:
a) The care, upkeep and surveillance of the Building, including the Common Areas and
b) The assessment, and collection of all charges towards maintenance/supply of goods and
services and the general upkeep of the Building;
c) The designation, employment, remuneration, and dismissal of the personnel necessary
for the maintenance and operation of the building, including the Common Areas and
d) The setting up of a proper procedure for carrying out the audit and maintaining the
accounts of the Association;
e) To inspect the accounts kept by the Secretary, or Treasures, and examine the register
and account books, and to take steps for the recovery of all sums due to the Association;
f) To sanction working expenses, maintain cash balances, and deal with other
g) To see that the Cash Book is written up promptly, and is signed duly by one of the
Members of the MC so authorised in this behalf;
h) To hear, and deal with complaints;
i) To make all payments to Government, semi-Government and other such bodies, as due
by the Association.
j) Finalize the Budget to be presented to AGM.
k) Present duly audited accounts to AGM
l) To levy and collect parking fee from owners who do not have parking slots.
m) Authorized to enter into contracts with service providers
The Management Committee may employ, for the Association, a Manager / Supervisor and
the other subordinate workers at remuneration determined by the Management Committee
to perform such duties and services as the Management Committee may authorize. The
Management Committee may, by a Resolution, remove, dismiss, or suspend any employee
of the Association.
22. ELECTION AND TERM OF OFFICE:
a) The term of Office of the Management Committee elected at any Annual General Body
Meeting shall be for one year. New Committee members shall be elected at the Annual
General Body Meeting.
b) The retiring Committee members are eligible for re-election.
c) No Committee member shall be eligible for election for more than two consecutive
terms. It is clarified that such member is eligible for the re-election to the Committee of
management after a gap of one year.
Vacancies caused in the MC by any reason, shall be filled in by co-option of another non
elected member at the management committee meeting held next and such newly co-opted
member shall hold office until the conclusion of next Annual General Meeting of the
24. REMOVAL OF MEMBERS OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
At any Annual or Special General Body Meeting duly constituted with required quorum, any
one or all the Members may be removed, with or without cause, by a majority of the
Apartment Owners present at such Meeting and successors may, then and there, be elected to
fill the vacancy thus created. Any Committee Member, whose removal has been proposed by
the Owners, shall be given an opportunity to be heard at the Meeting. A person so removed
shall not be eligible to stand for election to the MC for a period of two years.
25. ORGANIZATION OF MEETINGS OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
The first Meeting of a newly elected Management Committee shall be held within ten days of
election at such place as shall be fixed by the President. At the Meeting at which such
Members were elected and no notice shall be necessary to the newly elected Members, in
order to legally constitute such Meeting, provided a majority of the Management Committee
shall be present.
26. REGULAR MEETINGS OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
Regular Meetings of the Committee may be held at such date, time and place as shall be
determined from time to time by a majority of its Members and, at least, one such Meeting
shall be held during each calendar month. Notice of regular Meetings of the Committee shall
be given to each Committee Member personally or by mail or telegram at least three clear
days prior to the day named for such Meetings. The notice shall also be displayed on the
Notice Board of the Association at least 3 days prior to the Meeting.
The Secretary shall maintain the minutes of all such Management Committee Meetings in
consultation with the President and shall cause such minutes to be recorded within 30 days of
the meeting so held.
27. SPECIAL MEETINGS OF MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
Special Meetings of the Management Committee may be called by the President on ten days
notice to each Committee Member, given personally or by mail or telegram and such notice
shall state date, time, place (as herein above provided) and purpose of Meeting. The period of
notice for such a meeting shall be decided by the President; dependant on the urgency of the
matter to be discussed at such meeting. Special Meetings of the MC shall be called by the
President, or Secretary, in like manner, and on like notice, on the written request of at least
28. EMERGENCY MEETINGS OF THE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE:
Emergency meetings of the Management Committee may be convened by the President or the
Secretary without notice giving sufficient jurisdiction for convening the meeting. All
decisions of the Emergency meeting shall be ratified at a Special Meeting convened for the
purpose within 15 days of the Emergency Meeting.
29. WAIVER OF NOTICE
Before, or at any meeting of the MC, any Committee Member, may in writing, waive notice
of such meetings, and such waiver shall be deemed equivalent to the giving of such notice.
Attendance by a Committee Member at any meeting of the MC, shall be waiver of notice by
him of the time and place thereof. If all the Committee Members are present at any meeting of
the MC, no notice shall be required, and any business may be transacted at such a meeting.
30. QUORUM FOR MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETINGS:
At all meetings of the MC, the presence of one third of the MC members shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction of business, and the acts of the Members present at the meeting at
which the quorum is present, shall be the acts of the MC. If at any meeting of the MC, there
be less than a quorum present, the majority of those present may adjourn the meeting to a
subsequent time and date. If at such an adjourned meeting also no quorum is present, any
business which was tabled for discussion at the meeting may be taken up, without further
notice, and the decisions arrived at shall be binding on all.
An elected Management Committee member may resign at any time by sending a letter of
resignation to the President or in his absence to the Secretary of the Association, but the
resignation shall take effect from the date of acceptance by the Managing Committee or one
month from tendering resignation whichever is earlier.
32. DESIGNATION OF THE OFFICERS
The designations of the Principal Officers of the MC, or Office Bearers as they may also be
called, shall be the President, who is so elected by the Management Committee Members, the
Secretary, and the Treasurer, all of whom shall be wholly resident in the Building. A Vice
President, a Joint Secretary and/or a Joint Treasurer may also be appointed by the Committee
33. SELECTION OF OFFICE BEARERS
The President, Secretary, and Treasurer shall be selected by the Committee, from among the
Members elected to the MC by the General Body. The selection shall be made at the first
organization meeting of the MC, which shall be held immediately after the Annual General
34. REMOVAL OF OFFICE BEARERS
Upon the written request of a majority of the Members of the MC, any Office Bearer may be
removed from his office by the President if he/she so desires; with or without assigning any
reason, and his successor/s selected at any regular meeting of the MC, or at any Special
Meeting of the MC called for such purpose. The person so removed may, however, continue
on the MC as an Ordinary Member, if he/she so desires. The decision to remove a member
shall be ratified at the AGM immediately following the removal failing which the removed
14 shall be entitled to be reinstated to the post he/ she was holding immediately prior to his/ her
removal and shall also be entitled hold such position as if he/she was not removed.
The President shall be the head of the Association, and shall guide and supervise its various
activities. He/She shall preside over the Annual General, Special, and other MC Meetings, the
proceedings of which shall be conducted under his direction, and general supervision. His/Her
rulings shall be final at all such meetings. He/She shall have an additional “CASTING
VOTE” in the event of a tie in the voting. The Vice President shall enjoy all the powers of the
President in his/her absence.
The Secretary shall be responsible to the MC for all day to day activities relating to the proper
management, maintenance and upkeep of the Building and shall:
a) Look after the administration and other affairs and attend to all correspondence;
Keep accurate minutes of the proceedings of all meetings of the MC, and of the Annual
General and Special Meetings;
b) Give effect to the directions and decisions taken at such meetings;
c) Collect all dues to the Association and ensure through the Treasurer, where appointed,
that proper accounts are maintained of all financial transactions relating to the
d) Manage, and control the staff, and take disciplinary action where necessary;
e) Institute, prosecute and defend suits and other proceedings in which the Association may
f) Prepare the Annual Report, and financial Statement of Accounts under the guidance of
g) Generally perform all such duties as are incidental to the Office of Secretary. The
Secretary shall maintain an imprest cash amount of Rs.20,000/ – (Rupees twenty thousand
only) for incidental expenses.
h) Maintain a Register of Members.
i) He shall have charge of such books and papers as the management Committee may direct
and He shall, in general, perform all the duties as authorized by the Management
Committee and incidental to the office of an association secretary.
j) The Joint Secretary shall work closely with the Secretary and shall perform the duties of
the Secretary in his/her absence.
The Treasurer shall be responsible for the Association funds and securities and shall also be
responsible for keeping full and accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements in the
books belonging to the Association. He shall be responsible for the deposit of all money and
other effects in the name and to the credit of the Association in such depositories as may
from time to time be designated by the Management Committee. In the absence of
Treasurer, the Joint Treasurer will perform duties of the Treasurer.
38. OBLIGATIONS OF THE MEMBERS
a) The code of conduct are designed with keeping the common interest of owners/residents
in mind with the following objectives:
i) to ensure a SAFE & Secure and secure living environment for the residents;
ii) to ensure COMFORTABLE and peaceful living for the residents by ensuring that
the amenities and common facilities are in good shape and available to all;
iii) to facilitate residents enjoying the benefits of well connected living ;
iv) to preserve and enhance the BRAND VALUE of <apt name> by making it the
most desirable place to live in the city
b) In addition to following code of conduct, the Association may issue additional
guidelines in line with the above objectives. It is the responsibility of the owners to
ensure that these are communicated to the residents in their apartment and are
c) Every Member shall abide by the Bye-Laws of the Association and follow all
instructions of the General Body, as conveyed through the Management Committee.
d) Every Owner shall pay monthly assessments as fixed by the MC for the proper
upkeep and maintenance of the Building, which may include monthly payments to the
General Operating Fund, Reserve Fund and Sinking Fund, if any for periodic repair,
renovation, replacement etc. The assessment may also include an insurance premium
for a policy to cover the cost of repair of damages caused by hurricane, fire,
earthquake or other hazard or calamity.
e) The assessment shall be made pro-rata according to the area of the Apartment vis-à-
vis the total area of the land on which the Building has been constructed. All such
assessments shall be paid within the prescribed time and place, failing which the
services rendered by the Association may be forfeited, as provided for in the Bye-law
f) Every Owner who lets his/her/their apartment for occupation by other on lease,
tenancy, mortgagee, or otherwise, shall include in the relevant Agreement, a clause as
approved by the Association, binding the occupant to pay, in proper time, the monthly
maintenance assessments DIRECTLY to the Association. A copy of the said
Agreement, along with an undertaking by the occupant to abide strictly by the Bye-
laws of the Association, and to make payment in full, and in time, all maintenance
assessment as raised, shall be submitted to the Association BEFORE occupation of
g) This, however, shall not absolve the Owner from his/her/their responsibility to ensure
that all assessments on his/her/their/ Apartment are paid in time as specified by the
MC from time to time, and in the event of any default by his/her/their occupant, shall
himself/herself/ themselves make all payment as raised by the MC.
h) Every Owner shall perform promptly all maintenance and repair work within his own
apartment, which if omitted would affect the Building in entirety, or in a part
belonging to other owners being expressly responsible for the damages and liabilities
that his/her/their failure to do so may endanger. In doing so he/she/they shall not
make any alteration, or modification which may affect the facade or the main
structure of the Building or the common walls or floors between two units.
i) Every Owner shall bear the cost of all repairs to the internal installations of
his/her/their Apartments, such as water, light, gas, power, sewage, telephone, air
conditioners, sanitary installations, doors, windows, lamps and all other accessories
belonging to the apartment.
j) Every owner/Resident shall fully, and without delay, reimburse the Association for
any expenditure in repairing or replacing any damages to the Building including the
Common Areas and facilities caused through his/her/their fault.
k) Every Owner/Resident shall grant the right of entry to the Members of the MC, or any
person authorised by them, in case of any emergency originating in or threatening
his/her/their apartment whether the Owner is present or not.
l) Every owner/resident shall permit the Members of the MC or any person authorised
by them to enter the Apartment for the purpose of performing installations, alterations,
or repairs to the mechanical or electrical services, provided that the requests for entry
are made in advance, and that such entry is at a time convenient to the Owner. In case
of an emergency such right of entry shall be immediate and without notice.
m) Every Owner/Resident shall ensure that the Apartment is not used for any purpose
other than residential, except with the express, written permission of the MC and that
other spaces allotted to him/her/them are utilised only for the specified purposes for
which the allotments are made. No Owner/Resident shall use any part of the Premises
for any commercial purpose whatsoever.
n) Every Owner/Resident shall ensure that his/her/their children play only at places
allotted if any and during the hours prescribed by the MC.
o) Every Owner / Resident shall ensure that the Building and the Common Areas are
kept clean and tidy in all respects and that garbage or trash is thrown only in the
disposal installations provided for such purposes by the Municipal Corporation.
p) Every Owner/Resident shall ensure that the rights and privileges of other owners are
respected and that no inconvenience is caused to them in any manner.
q) Only one family (plus domestic servant) may occupy one apartment. Subletting or
sharing an apartment, whether for monetary benefit or otherwise is not permitted.
Servant’s families are not to be permitted to share the apartment. Only one servant
can stay in the apartment
r) Every Owner/Resident shall ensure that the staff employed by him/her/them bear a
good character and shall be responsible for their behavior and actions while in his /her
/ their service.
s) Every Owner/Resident shall use the lifts in such a manner as not to damage them in
any way. Other then luggage, no package, box, crate or any other article shall be
permitted, except with the permission of the MC. No single item weighing 50 Kgs
and above shall be allowed without the prior permission and in the presence of a
representative of the MC.
t) Every Owner/Resident shall exercise due care about making noise or any kind or use
musical instruments, radios, television sets, amplifiers etc that may disturb others.
Residents keeping domestic animals or other pets shall abide by the Municipal
Sanitary Bye-Laws or Regulations. MC may issue additional guidelines to restrict the
hours for the activities that cause noise and disturbance to the residents.
u) Every Owner shall furnish relevant particulars of any person/ persons other than the
Owners themselves in occupation of his/her/their Apartment as may be required by
the MC. A letter of authorization for such occupation shall be given to the MC before
v) Every owner should inform the Association in advance about the change in
occupancy of their apartment. For every such change that involves movement of
household goods in or out of building, a Shifting Fee of Rs. x per occasion will be
levied to cover the repairs for minor damages in common area, additional security and
housekeeping efforts put in by the Association. The Owner/Resident should take
adequate care that no damage is done to lifts or any other common area due to this
movement. The cost of repairing any major damages, at the discretion of MC, will be
charged to the Owner’s account.
w) No Owner shall sell, or otherwise transfer his / her / their Apartment to anyone
without prior notice to the Association and/ or without paying in full all amounts due
to the Association along with a Transfer Fee of Rs. x per sft of apartment area and
obtaining a “NO DUES CERTIFICATE” from the Association. Any default in this
regard will result in the transferee being denied any or all of the services rendered by
the Association including the supply of services that require upkeep and maintenance
on a regular basis, unless the transferee undertakes in writing to pay all the dues and
does so before occupation of the Apartment.
x) No Owner shall make any structural or other modifications which may alter the
facade of the Building in any way, whatsoever, save and except grills, which may be
provided as a measure of safety, but only as approved by the MC, and under its
y) No Owner/Resident shall make any structural or other modification or alteration or
repair within the Apartment or on installations located therein without notifying the
Association through the President/ Secretary of the MC, and receiving its approval.
The Association shall have the obligation to answer; within seven days and failure to
do so within the stipulated time shall mean that there is no objection to the proposed
modification, repair, alteration or installation being undertaken. The Association shall
not refuse permission, unless the work proposed is likely to affect the safety of the
Building, or the installations provided therein, or alters the facade, or inconveniences
the Owners of the adjacent apartments.
z) No Owner/Resident shall place or cause to be placed in the lobbies, vestibules,
stairways, elevators and other areas both Common and limited any furniture,
packages, cycles or objects of any kind, except while in normal transit through them.
aa) No Owner/Resident shall use any portion of the Common area of the Building
without the written permission of the MC. The MC may grant permission for such
occupation, for short periods, for marriages or other social functions, at their
discretion, provided that the premises so used is released in the same condition as it
was taken, and the cost of cleaning the premises, or repairing damages if any, is borne
by the user.
bb) No Owner/Resident shall park his/her/their car or two wheeler except at the place
allotted to him/her/them. Owners of two wheelers not allotted parking spaces shall
park their vehicles inside the boundary of the Building only at the discretion of the
MC. Visitors’ vehicles shall parked only in the designated area in the Building. Only
one car shall be parked in the one covered parking space.
cc) No Owner/Resident shall install any machinery, or equipment, like generators etc in
the Common Areas, especially in the lobbies or under staircase that makes a noise, or
causes disturbances to other residents, in any way.
dd) No Owner/Resident shall put up any hoarding, advertisement, notice, or poster of any
kind, in or on the Building, except as authorised by the Association.
ee) No Owner/Resident shall hang garments, rugs, etc. from the windows, balconies,
parapets, or from any of the facades of the Building, as this is strictly prohibited.
Further, no Owner/Resident shall dust rugs in any manner on the windows, balconies
or on the Common Areas, including the lobbies and landings.
ff) No Owner/Resident shall install wiring for electrical, telephone, or fax machines,
television antennae, air-conditioning units, or machines on the exterior of the
Building, which protrudes through, or above the walls or roof, except as authorised by
gg) No Owner /Resident shall engage any staff of the Association for any personal work
without the sanction of the MC.
hh) No Owner/Resident, or any person connected with him/her/them, shall cause any
damage, whatsoever, to any asset of the Association. In the event of so doing, the full
cost of repairing such damage shall be borne by the Owner/Resident.
ii) No Owner/Resident shall use the Common Areas, including Limited Areas, for any
purpose which may hurt the sentiments, or feelings of any of the residents. The
decision of the MC shall be final in any case of difference of opinion.
jj) No Owner/Resident shall object to any work being undertaken by the MC which is in
the common interest of the Owners, even if such work may cause some
inconvenience to him/her/them.
kk) No Owner/Resident shall, under any circumstances, threaten, abuse, reprimand,
assault or in any way take up with the staff employed by the Association, but may
report any misbehavior, or neglect of duty by them to the MC.
ll) The MC may request the owners/residents to desist from keeping a pet if there are
reasonable complaints from the residents against it. Dogs should always be on a leash
or carried while using the common areas. The pets
should be immunized regularly and the reports should be given to the manager of the
mm) All Owners/Residents are governed by the club rules which may be placed on all
notice boards from time to time.
nn) In case of inter apartment seepage/ leakages, except due to inherent defect arising
during the construction of the building, the managing committee shall fix the
18 responsibility, in consultation with the concerned apartment owners, who shall be
responsible to repair the same and the decision of the managing committee shall be
final and binding on the owner/ s concerned.
oo) Any Owner who fails to pay for three months, or more, any amounts due to the
Association, shall be deemed a “‘DEFAULTING MEMBER”, and shall be debarred
from voting, or standing for election to MC.
pp) Non-payment of dues to the Association for three months or over shall constitute just
and sufficient reasons, for the MC to deny the use of any, or all, of the facilities and
services, offered to its Members, PROVIDED that due notice in writing, which shall
not be less than fifteen days, is given to the Defaulting Member. The Notice shall be
sent by Registered Post. In the event of the registered letter not being accepted by the
Defaulting Member, the Notice shall be affixed to the main door of his/her/their
Apartment, and also put up on the Notice Board of the Association for the
information of its Members. On expiry of fifteen days from the date the Notice is
posted on the door of the defaulting Member’s Apartment, the Association shall be
entitled to initiate action for withdrawing its services to the defaulting member.
qq) In the event of default in payment of dues to the Association for three months, or
more, the Association shall have the right to deduct such dues, from any Deposits
made by the Defaulting Member and held by the Association along with the penal
interest that may be fixed by the Association. And the association may initiate
appropriate legal action to recover the dues against such defaulting member in
accordance with law.
Funds may be raised by the Association in all or any of the following ways:
a) By Membership Fees and Transfer Fees.
b) By contribution and donation from the Apartment Owners.
c) From surplus of Income over Expenditure which shall form the nucleus of the
d) By raising loans, if necessary, subject to such terms and conditions of the Association
with the approval of the General Body.
e) By hiring/leasing of any permitted common areas/ facilities to providers of commons
goods and services/ members.
The Association may invest, or deposit its funds in anyone or more of the following:
a) In any of the securities specified in Section 20 of the Indian Trust Act, 1882;
b) In any Public Sector Bank, or Government Financial Institution; or
c) In any banking company, or institution, approved for this purpose by the Association.
d) In the units of various schemes of listed mutual funds such that no more than 20% of
the total investment of the Association is invested in equity funds.
Should there be any Federation of Associations of Apartment Owners in Bangalore, the
Association may become a member thereof and pay the contribution from time to time
payable to such Federation under its rules.
1) A Banking account shall be opened by the Management Committee of the Association,
into which all money received on behalf of the Association shall be paid, provided that
the Treasurer or the Manager in charge may retain in his personal custody an amount
not exceeding Rs.x/- (Rupees <x in words > only) for petty expenses. All
payments above Rs.x/- (Rupees < in words> only) shall be made by cheques signed
by the Treasurer and one or two Members of the Management Committee as authorized
by respective Resolutions of the Committee.
2) The Association shall, on or before <Date> of each year, publish an audited Annual
Financial Statement containing:
a) The profits and loss account
b) The receipts and expenditure of the previous financial year.
c) A summary of the properties and assets and liabilities of the common area and
facilities of the Association, giving such particulars as will disclose the general
nature of these liabilities and assets and how the value of fixed assets has been
3) The audited financial statement shall be open to the inspection of any Member of the
Association during the office hours and in the office of the Association, and a copy
thereof shall be submitted to the competent authority not later than 15 August every
4) Every financial statement shall be accompanied by a complete list of the Apartment
Owners as on <Date > each year. The financial statement shall state upto what dates
profits and expenses of common area are included.
43. PUBLICATION OF ACCOUNTS AND REPORTS:
The financial year of the Association shall be from 1 of April to 31 of March. A copy of the
last financial statement and the report of the Auditor, if any, shall be kept in a conspicuous
place in the Office of the Association.
44. APPOINTMENT OF AUDITORS
The Association shall appoint at its Annual General Meeting, an Auditor who shall audit the
accounts of the Association, to be prepared by the MC as here in before provided, and shall
examine the annual return, and verify the same with the accounts relating thereto, and shall
either sign the same as found by him/her to be correct, duly verified, and in accordance with
Law, or specifically report to the Association in what respect he/she finds it incorrect, un-
vouched, and not in accordance with law.
45. POWER OF AUDITOR
The Auditor shall be entitled to call for, and examine any papers or documents belonging to
the Association relating to the Building, including the Common Areas and Facilities and
Limited Common Areas, and shall make a special report to the Association upon any matter
connected with the accounts which appears to him/her to require notice.
46. NOTICE TO ASSOCIATION
a) An Owner, who mortgages his unit, shall notify the Association through the Secretary
of the Management Committee, the name and the address of the party to whom the
unit has been mortgaged and the Secretary shall maintain all such information in a
book entitled “Mortgages of Units”.
b) An Apartment Owner shall notify in writing to the Association of his intention before
he conducts a Sale, Lease or mortgage Agreement in respect of his Apartment and in
such case he shall pay all the unpaid assessment of the Association including interest,
if any, on such outstanding balance. In case of a default, all such outstanding amounts
will automatically devolve upon the buyer or the new lessee.
Without an explicit written NOC from the association no such transaction – as
referred in (b) above is to be taken up. Any violation of this will be treated as null and
The association will have first lien over the rent payable or over the sale proceeds in
the event of any default by any member in paying the dues. The mortgager shall pay
all dues to the Association BEFORE affecting the mortgage, failing which, the
services of the Association shall not be made available to the mortgagee.
47. SEAL OF THE ASSOCIATION
The Association shall have a common seal which shall be in the custody of the Secretary and
shall be used only under the authority of the Resolution of the Management Committee and
every Deed of Instrument to which the seal is affixed shall be attested, for and on behalf of
the Association, by two Members of the Management Committee and Secretary or any other
person authorized by the Association in that behalf and chronological record of use of the seal
shall be maintained in a register kept for the purpose.
48. REGULATIONS, RULES AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE:
The Association shall frame rules, regulations and procedures for the administration of
Apartments, its common areas and facilities as well as frame guidelines of restrictions and
measures designed to prevent the unreasonable and improper use of facilities and common
areas which will interfere with the peaceful occupation of units by respective Owners /
Residents conducive to day to day living environment. Such measures / restrictions shall be
implemented within a reasonable time.
49. AMENDMENT OF BYELAWS
These Byelaws may be amended by the Association in a duly constituted Meeting for
such purpose and no amendment shall take effect unless approved by the Owners
representing at least three-fifth (3/5) of the Apartment Owners present at the meeting
Rules framed by the resident’s core committee is in the general interest of residents as
a guiding factor and the committee alone has the right to amend or alter the same.
Singed by Management Committee Members.
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